Consular Report Of Birth Abroad (CRBA)
All routine services, including Consular Reports of Birth Abroad (CRBA), are available by APPOINTMENT ONLY.
Below you will find information on how to register a child born in Costa Rica as a U.S. citizen. If after thoroughly reading this page you have any questions, please email: email@example.com.
Once you have completed all of the required forms and gathered the necessary supporting documents (listed below), click here to schedule or cancel an appointment.
On the day of your interview, your packet will be reviewed at intake to ensure that all required documents have been submitted. If any required documents are missing, you may have to return to the Embassy with the missing documents. Please review the information below carefully to avoid multiple trips to the Embassy.
The American Citizen parent must appear in person to sign the CRBA application. If both parents live in Costa Rica, they must both attend the initial interview, and, regardless of citizenship, both must sign the passport application in person (If only one parent is present in Costa Rica, the “Statement of Consent from Absent Parent,” form DS-3053, is required for the passport).
After the forms have been accepted and the fees paid, a Consular Officer will interview you. Once approved, the Consular Report of Birth Abroad will generally be ready for pick-up in 1–2 weeks.
Passport Application: $105.00
Consular Report of Birth Abroad Application: $100.00
Payment is due at the time the application is submitted, and is payable by credit or debit card, dollars or colones. The fees above include any applicable passport processing, execution and security fees. By law these fees are NON-REFUNDABLE.
CRBA and First Passport Requirements
To process a child's claim to U.S. citizenship, the American citizen parent must (1) establish that s/he is the biological parent, (2) present proof of sufficient physical presence in the United States, and (3) show evidence to confirm the child's identity. The documents listed below are necessary to satisfy each of these three requirements. In certain cases, the Consular Officer may require supplemental documentation. (As noted above, the American Citizen parent must appear in person and both parents must sign the passport application).
In addition, if the child was born out of wedlock and the biological father is a U.S. citizen, the child must be legitimized by the father before the child’s 18th birthday. Official and legal recognition is required, including an affidavit of paternity and a written agreement to provide financial support until the child reaches the age of 18 (see page 3 of the DS-2029, link below).
Each of the following forms must be completed and submitted with the citizenship package. Do NOT sign the forms until you are instructed to do so before a Consular Officer. The forms can be found on the Department of State’s website at the addresses provided below.
Note: When completing the DS-11, you can leave the Social Security Number (SSN) blank or put 000-00-0000. You will have the opportunity to apply for a SSN when the documents are approved and ready for pick up. When completing page two of the DS-2029 form please make sure that you account for all periods of time that you have been in the United States and abroad. Periods of time include residence, vacations, periods of study, employment, business trips, military services, etc. Periods of presence abroad include “day trips” to places like Canada and Mexico. Additional paper may be attached to the form.
Required Supporting Documents
Required Supporting Documents
1. The child’s original Costa Rican birth certificate, issued on stamped paper (papel con timbres) from the Civil Registry (Registro Civil).
2. A written statement from the physician who attended the birth, stating the name of the mother and pertinent facts of the birth. In the case of a child born in one of Costa Rica’s public hospitals, a statement from the hospital director that one of its physicians attended the birth is sufficient. (The declaración de nacimiento on yellow carbon paper showing the registration of the birth at the hospital is not sufficient.)
3. A certified copy of the marriage certificate of the parents, if applicable. If the marriage took place in Costa Rica, this document must be obtained from the Civil Registry (Registro Civil).
4. If either parent has been married previously, certified copies of the documents showing termination (through death or divorce) of all previous marriages.
5. Evidence of parent’s (or parents’) U.S. citizenship (a U.S. passport and/or a naturalization certificate). Note: The American citizen parent must have obtained citizenship prior to the child’s birth in order to transmit citizenship through this process.
6. Proof of identification of the non-U.S. citizen parent (national ID card or passport).
7. Evidence of the U.S. citizen parent’s physical presence in the United States for the required period, as determined by law (specific time requirements are listed below). Note: Physical presence accrued after the child’s birth cannot be used to meet this requirement.
Examples of documents that can be used to show physical presence include, but are not limited to, the following: school records; childhood immunization records; college transcripts; U.S. military service records; paystubs and tax records (must be able to show that the work was performed in the U.S.); employment certification letters; or old passports.
8. Evidence of a biological relationship between the U.S. citizen parent and the child. If the child was born in-wedlock or born to a U.S. citizen mother, the biological relationship generally can be demonstrated through medical records pertaining to the pregnancy, such as pre-natal care records, ultrasounds, and pregnancy photos.
If the child was born out-of-wedlock to a U.S. citizen father, satisfactory evidence of an exclusive relationship with the mother must be presented (e.g., relationship photos, evidence of cohabitation, shared travel history, joint accounts, etc.). If this evidence is insufficient, DNA testing may be requested. If you decided to submit DNA testing, please do not initiate DNA testing without specific instructions from the Consular Officer. Results from DNA tests completed outside of specific Department of State regulations will not be accepted.
9. One (1) recent photograph, in color, size 2” x 2”, with a white background and full front view. Photos that do not meet these requirements will not be accepted. Photo service is available at the Consulate.
Legal Requirements for Physical Presence in the U.S.
Legal Requirements for Physical Presence in the U.S.
Birth Abroad to U.S. Citizen Parent and Non-Citizen Parent
For a child born after November 14, 1986, the U.S. citizen parent must prove s/he was physically present in the U.S. for a total of at least five (5) years before the birth of the child. Two of those years must be after the U.S. citizen parent’s 14th birthday.
For a child born on or before November 14, 1986, the citizen parent must prove he/she was physically present in the U.S. for at least ten (10) years before the birth of the child. Five of those years must be after the U.S. citizen parent’s 14th birthday.
Birth Abroad Out-of-Wedlock to U.S. Citizen Mother
A U.S. citizen mother, who was not married at the time of the child's birth, must prove that she was physically present in the U.S. for at least one (1) continuous year any time prior to the child's birth. This applies even if the mother subsequently married, and regardless of whether the father is listed on the birth certificate.
Birth Abroad to Two U.S. Citizen Parents
If both parents are U.S. citizens on the day the child was born, each parent must have resided in the U.S. at some point prior to the child’s birth. No specific length of time is specified under U.S. law.
WARNING: False statements made knowingly and willfully in passport applications, affidavits or other supporting documents are punishable by fine and/or imprisonment under the provisions of 18 USC 1001 and/or 18 USC 1542.
Subscribe to American Connections
Register through the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to subscribe to our quarterly newsletter. Your enrollment in STEP also enables us to contact you in the event of an emergency, and to inform you of any relevant embassy information. Click here to register.
Download the FREE Smart Traveler App! It’s a useful tool that provides easy access to updated, official country information, travel alerts, travel warnings, maps, U.S. Embassy locations, and more.
All downloadable documents on this page are provided in PDF format. To view PDFs you must have a copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader. You may download a free version by clicking the link above.